A New Concept of the Stock-Recruitment Relationship for the Japanese Sardine, Sardinops Melanostictus

Kazumi Sakuramoto*
Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan.

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 371
Abstract HTML Views: 464
PDF Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 835
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 236
Abstract HTML Views: 284
PDF Downloads: 0
Total Views/Downloads: 520

© 2012 Kazumi Sakuramoto.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan; Tel: 81-3-5463-0563; Fax: 81-3-5463-0563, E-mail:


The aim of this paper is to discuss the validity of the results of Wada and Jacobson (Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55, 1998) and to propose a new concept of the stock-recruitment relationship for the Japanese sardine. Two regression analyses were used: simple regression and Deming regression. Reproductive success was defined as recruitment (R) divided by egg production. A false decreasing trend was produced in the regression line of ln(reproductive success) against ln(egg production) in response to observation error. When Deming regression was applied, the slope of the regression line of ln(R) against ln(egg production) did not statistically differ from unity. This indicates that a density-dependent effect cannot be detected on the stock-recruitment relationship in the data used in this study and that it is reasonable instead to accept a proportional model as the optimal stock-recruitment relationship model for the Japanese sardine. The results of this study are diametrically opposed to those of Wada and Jacobson (1998), who assumed that density-dependent effects on recruitment typically exist for Sardinops species.

Keywords: Density-dependent effect, MSY, recruitment, Ricker, regime shift, reproductive success, sardine, stock-recruitment relationship.